Our blog showcases the latest news in the ever growing cannabidiol industry. See as CBD oil gets mentioned by Michael Pollan, CNN's Sanjay Gupta and more!. In this edition of Cannabis Conversations, Project CBD Director, Martin A. Lee, discusses the benefits of CBD, the "entourage effect" and the microbiome with Dr. MONDAY, May 7, (HealthDay News) -- Cannabidiol (CBD) oil has become the hot new product in states that have legalized medical marijuana.
CBD? NEW TO
These fears, though unfounded, are understandable to an extent, especially since the terminology surrounding CBD can be very confusing. CBD is extracted in oil form and is often found mixed in hemp oil extracts in varying concentrations. Yes, CBD is legal worldwide a controlled substance in Canada alone. They share some characteristics but are created via different paths. We understand that there are some confusing terms related to Cannabidiol, so we wanted to take the time to explain them to you.
Below is a list of the most important terms to understand related to Cannabidiol:. In addition, scientists are staying open to the possibility of wider applications of CBD in the near future. As we strive to be the most consumer-focused provider of CBD oil in the market, we will be creating more articles to point out the most recent CBD research and all related scientific breakthroughs. Our aim is to provide a balanced and accurate view of everything and anything related to the use of CBD, so stay tuned for more objective information about CBD and always be prepared for some critical thinking and research of your own as well.
This has led the public to often confuse them, and even the scientific community believed that CBD and THC were in fact the same substance until relatively recently. Unfortunately, there is a lot of misinformation surrounding these substances, propagated in part by interests that seek to promote one substance over the other.
Without venturing too deeply into technical terms, we can say that these receptors are responsible for transmitting signals within our bodies, causing different physiological effects.
Some cannabinoids are capable of desirable effects they are beneficial to us. Currently, there are no documented studies that show undesirable effects from CBD, which is why this particular cannabinoid is legal worldwide. It is important to point out that research is still underway for many applications of CBD. THC was the first phytocannabinoid that was discovered and has been much more extensively researched than CBD.
We know with fairly high certainty that THC is strongly psychoactive and can be intoxicating even in small amounts.
This means that THC can alter your behavior and cause you to lose control of your faculties, properties that make it a popular illegal recreational drug in the form of marijuana. These invaluable properties of THC have given rise to the use of marijuana for legal medical purposes. There have been certain studies that found statistically significant correlations between long-term use of THC and certain psychiatric disorders , including schizophrenia, depression, and psychosis.
However, we must note here that in scientific studies such as these, correlation does not imply causation; that is, the usage of THC might be linked to psychiatric disorders without necessarily being that root cause of them. Much like lighters are linked to smoking, but possession of a lighter does not necessarily mean you are a smoker.
The CBD vs THC debate is something that often crops up in the circles of cannabis users, and it mainly stems from misinformation that surrounds these substances. Science is an evolving process and it pays to stay up to date, especially on new industries like CBD. First off, you should know the basics of what CBD is.
Simply put, cannabinoids are naturally occurring compounds found in the cannabis plant. Together they are responsible for the benefits and drawbacks to medical marijuana and industrial hemp-based products. But there are also several other types of cannabinoids you should know about too. There are also cannabinoids manufactured via chemical reactions in laboratories, known as synthetic cannabinoids.
So now that you understand what a cannabinoid is, how does CBD work with your body? As we just stated, the endocannabinoid system includes a number of specialized cell receptors in the brain and in various other organs throughout the body. These receptors fall into two types: CB1 receptors are found mainly in the brain but also in the liver, kidneys, and lungs , while CB2 receptors are found mainly in the immune system.
As we discussed above, there are several types of cannabinoids. Even within phytocannabinoids, there are wide ranges of compounds and effects that we are still learning about. Other cannabinoids, like CBD, have fewer direct effects on the endocannabinoid system keep this in mind as you read the next section. Cannabinoids represent a diverse class of chemical compounds that can be very different from each other. For example, arachidonoylethanolamine AEA is produced within the body and is thought to regulate several functions.
For example, CB1 receptors send signals that regulate senses, while cannabinoids that interact with CB2 receptors can at the same time affect gastrointestinal response and peripheral nervous system sensitivity. Also, since people often take numerous different cannabinoids together for example, using medical marijuana , it is hard to attribute specific effects to specific cannabinoids.
In addition, some cannabinoids interact synergistically, producing unique effects that are not found when using them individually. However, CBD does this and produces many other effects without directly interacting with the cannabinoid receptors. At first, scientists thought there was a third type of CB receptor just for Cannabidiol, but the answer was far more interesting and revealing. The indirect interactions of CBD with the endocannabinoid system has many effects, some of which surprised scientists and are still being researched.
However, scientists are still unclear about how some effects of Cannabidiol are actually occurring. The most possible explanation is via the hypothetical GPR55 receptor, or through more indirect and synergistic effects that still await discovery. Contrary to how most cannabinoids function, CBD interacts very mildly with the cannabinoid receptors themselves and instead either helps other cannabinoids to be better absorbed or stops the effects of whatever makes the receptors work less effectively.
The endocannabinoid system is closely interconnected with the nervous and immune system. You may have heard some people say that marijuana and hemp are exactly the same, while others swear they are different. The debate of hemp vs marijuana is fueled by the confusion and misinformation that surround the cannabis plant.
In this article, we will dispel several myths and shed light on the differences between industrial hemp and marijuana. Satrio - Jalan Jenderal Gatot Subroto. Sudirman Central Business District , a super block that is located within the Golden Triangle, is the first of its kind in Indonesia, and one of the largest commercial center development in the city.
Jakarta started developing the sophistication of its Business District in the early s before to host the Asian Games in Surabaya of East Java , will build its first central business district in Darmo region. The construction is expected to be completed by with SOHO units and residences. In Pakistan, a central business district or a large, concentrated urban setting within a settlement is called a shehar. Karachi is Pakistan's largest city and the country's economic hub; the I.
Chundrigar Road of the city, often called the "Wall Street of Pakistan," acts as Karachi's main financial district and is essentially a center of economic and industrial activity.
Shahra-e-Faisal in Karachi is also one of the most important business districts of Pakistan. Another important business district is Gulberg, Lahore. It has a large number of important office buildings as well as many high-rises and shopping malls. City Towers,  Pace Tower, M. Ferozepur Road is also central business district of Lahore.
It is served by Lahore bus rapid transit. Jinnah Avenue in Islamabad is the main business district of the city. It is lined with numerous office buildings. Blue Area is also central business districts of Islamabad. Rawalpindi-Islamabad Metrobus Service is under-construction bus rapid transit system in these business districts which will connect them to key areas in Rawalpindi and Islamabad. D Ground is the central business district of Faisalabad and Saddar is the main central business district of Rawalpindi.
In Peru the central business district is San Isidro , in Lima , which hosts the majority of Peru's financial industry headquarters. Bonifacio Global City top is the newest and one of the largest central business districts in the Philippines. Ortigas Center middle , with an area of more than hectares acres , is the Philippines' second most important business district after the Makati CBD and is home to Asian Development Bank.
Meanwhile, the Makati Central Business District bottom , also known as the Makati CBD , is the leading financial and the largest central business district in the Philippines.
The area commonly called the "CBD" is located within the Downtown Core , one of the constituent planning areas of the Central Area , the country's city-centre. Its densest point is centered around Raffles Place , where most of Singapore's skyscrapers are located. In the future, the government is planning to redevelop the town centre of Jurong East into a secondary satellite CBD. South Africa's largest cities, namely Cape Town , Durban , Johannesburg , Pretoria , and Port Elizabeth , have CBDs which house the headquarters of many of the country's largest companies, as well as convention centres, and the cities' tallest buildings.
The biggest central business districts of Spain are located in the country's capital, Madrid. The Paseo de la Castellana holds the city's main business districts: It used to be the country's main business area during the s and s, when most of its skyscrapers were built.
The Gate of Europe consists of two twin towers, which hold Spanish bank Bankia and real state company Realia. The tallest building, the Torre de Cristal , is the fourth tallest building is Western Europe , with a height of metres.
A fifth tower is currently being built and will have the campus of the Instituto de Empresa university. In Barcelona , the 22 and Granvia l'Hospitalet are the main business districts. Despite the fact that the Catalan capital does not have a reputation for skyscrapers and financial hubs, in the recent years it has attracted several media and technology companies such as Microsoft and Yahoo!
In , the Torre Agbar , designed by French architect Jean Nouvel , became the third tallest building in the city with a height of metres. The building soon became a symbol of Barcelona and was going to become a Hyatt hotel.
However, the tower is still empty due to administrative problems. Cities like Bilbao and Valencia are also considered to have important business districts but at a much smaller scale. Bilbao has completely transformed its city centre in the last 20 years, and now holds several main offices of banks like BBVA and Kutxabank as well as the Iberdrola Tower , a metre skyscraper which belongs to Spanish electric company Iberdrola. Kaohsiung - second largest city in Taiwan , containing many CBDs.
In Taiwan, terms "city centre" Chinese: There are many central business districts located on the island of Taiwan.
In Taipei , the capital city of Taiwan Republic of China , the area around its main railway station or Zhongzheng District is regarded as the historic city centre whilst the Xinyi District or Eastern District of Taipei located to the east of the said railway station is the current CBD of Taipei, being both the modern financial and economic district and the premier shopping area, including the location of Taipei , Taiwan's tallest building, rising The alternative term city centre is used in United Kingdom and Ireland.
In British-influenced countries, such as the Commonwealth realms , former British territories, also use many of the same terms, but also have many characteristics of British cities. In the UK, Australia and South Africa, the term is often just shortened to "city", as in "going to the city"; it is often also called "town" "going in to town", "going up town", or "going down town". One exception is in London where "the City" specifically refers to the City of London one of the two main financial districts , rather than to any other part of London.
In the United States, central business districts are often called "downtown" even if there is no "uptown". In most cities the downtown area will be home to the financial district, but usually contains entertainment and retail of some kind as well. Louis , and Houston , are also home to large sports and convention venues. Historic sections of a central business district may be called "old town", while decaying parts of the centre city are commonly called the " inner city ".
The term inner city is sometimes used evocatively, applying a negative connotation and referring to peripheral areas that suffered economically from white flight. Some cities in the United States, such as Minneapolis, Minnesota , and Dallas, Texas , have mixed use districts known as "uptown" in addition to the primary downtown core areas.
In some cities, such as Cincinnati, Ohio ; Charlotte, North Carolina ; Chicago, Illinois and Oklahoma City, Oklahoma , "uptown" is instead the historic name for a separate business center or neighbourhood. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and Wilmington, Delaware use the term Center City instead of downtown for their central business districts.
CBD Information – The Ultimate Cannabidiol Information Guide
CBD is everywhere lately — in skincare, coffee and even pet treats. But is it really all it's hyped up to be? The answer isn't so clear. Advocates. All the latest breaking news on CBD. Browse The Independent's complete collection of articles and commentary on CBD. 5 days ago In New York City and beyond, health departments are stopping restaurants from dosing customers with cannabidiol.