An essential oil is a concentrated hydrophobic liquid containing volatile aroma compounds from plants. Essential oils are also known as volatile oils, ethereal. Essential oils like lavender and mint are popular as alternative therapies to inhale or to rub into the skin. Find out the DOs and DON'Ts of. Essential oils are often used in aromatherapy, which is a form of alternative medicine. However, some of the health claims associated with them.
The most common essential oils that everyone should have stored in their personal medicine cabinet include the following:. This is one of the most vital things you must know about essential oils: In fact, most of them are worthless to your health and often synthetic.
To learn more about how to use the best essential oils, check out my free, in-depth Essential Oils Guide. If you feel like you could use some more in depth information on essential oils, Dr. Josh Axe is hosting a free webinar going over, in great detail, knowledge, uses and tips for using essential oils.
Click below to learn more. Josh Axe is on a mission to provide you and your family with the highest quality nutrition tips and healthy recipes in the world Balance Hormones There are essential oils for hormones that can help to balance your estrogen, progesterone, cortisol, thyroid and testosterone levels.
Support Digestion Another well-researched essential oils benefit is their role in aiding and improving digestion.
Boost Energy Levels Did you know that essential oils can help to boost your energy levels and even improve your athletic performance? Improve Brain Function Essential oils have neuroprotective effects and can help to improve cognitive performance. Alleviate Aches and Pains According to a systemic review and meta-analysis published in Pain Research and Treatment , there is a significant positive effect of aromatherapy, compared to placebos or control treatments, in reducing pain.
Boost Skin and Hair Health Using essential oils in your skin, hair and beauty products is a natural and effective way to keep up your personal care regimes without having to use products that are made with chemicals and hydrogenated oils. Reduce Toxicity Essential oils help to reduce toxicity by promoting the detoxification of your home and body. Relieve Headaches and Migraines Essential oils work as natural headache and migraine relievers because they effectively treat the trigger, addressing the root of the problem instead of masking it, like painkillers do.
Promote Restful Sleep Some essential oils have sedative properties, which can be helpful for people who are having trouble falling asleep or sleeping through the night. Some call for carrier oils, all of which can be read about on our site. Then rinse off with water. Mix two drops of tea tree oil with two drops of unscented oil and apply to the blistered area up to five times per day. Mix coconut oil, shea butter , magnesium oil and essential oils for moisturizing body lotion.
Add 5—10 drops to four ounces of water and use as a fragrant body spray. Use a drop of peppermint essential oil or Mentha piperita for a natural way to freshen breath. Use essential oils as a hot compress to treat bruises or other wounds. Add five drops of lavender oil and five drops of frankincense oil to four ounces of hot water and soak.
Apply to affected area. Use lavender oil for bug bites and stings. Mix five drops of rosemary and lavender essential oils with three tablespoons of an unscented carrier oil such as jojoba oil.
Massage into your scalp and leave on for 10 minutes. Combine coconut oil, beeswax and your favorite essential oils like cedarwood and clove oil for men and lavender and tea tree oil for women. Mix lavender oil, Epsom salts and sea salt to a warm bath to cleanse and rejuvenate the body. Dry, cracked feet soother: Add three drops of lavender oil to two tablespoons of coconut oil.
Apply to the feet at night and put on some socks. To treat eczema, psoriasis or red dry skin, apply a mixture of lavender essential oil with shea butter. Apply to face and wash off. Mix a few drops of an essential oil with almond oil and rock salt or sugar to make your own salt or sugar scrub. Mix 15 drops of rosewood oil with five drops of sandalwood and lavender essential oils into unscented oil. Place mixture in a small plastic bag and dunk into warm water to heat up. Apply to hair and wrap for 20 minutes.
Add rosemary oil to shampoo to naturally thicken hair and increase volume. Add lavender, cedarwood or basil essential oil to shampoo to reduce itching. Combine coconut oil, beeswax and lavender oil for an amazing healing balm for chapped lips. Mix 10 drops of frankincense, myrrh and lemon essential oils into two tablespoons of vitamin E oil, then rub on cuticles. Mix 10 drops each of ylang ylang , lime and rosemary essential oils with two ounces of an unscented carrier oil. Massage it scalp 2—3 times per week.
Wash out as usual. Use 1—2 drops of jasmine essential oil on your wrist as a fresh natural fragrance. Add two drops of your favorite essential oil into two cups of water in a sauna. To make homemade shampoo , mix lavender oil, rosemary oil, aloe vera gel and coconut milk.
Use as you would regular shampoo. It lasts 2—4 weeks. Mix eight ounces of water with two drops of lavender, geranium and frankincense oils. Add 10 drops of peppermint oil with a tablespoon of Epsom salt and add to a warm-water foot bath. Mix five drops of frankincense, myrrh and grapefruit seed essential oils with coconut oil and apply to stretch marks. Combine lavender or chamomile oil with one tablespoon of coconut oil and apply to the skin with a cotton ball to reduce swelling and pain.
Mix coconut oil, zinc oxide, shea butter, helichrysum oil and lavender essential oil, then store in a squeeze bottle to make homemade toxic-free sunscreen. Combine lemon essential oil, coconut oil and fresh strawberries, then rub on your teeth. Rinse after two minutes. Combine sea salt, baking soda, coconut oil and xylitol with peppermint essential oil to make homemade remineralizing toothpaste.
Mix 3—5 drops of sandalwood, geranium, lavender and frankincense essential oils with an unscented lotion and apply to face. Avoid applying to eyes. Mix eucalyptus, wintergreen and cypress oils with an unscented lotion or coconut oil and apply to muscles. Rub frankincense and lavender essential oils on your palms and inhale deeply to relieve itchy eyes and throat.
Diffuse lavender essential oil around your home to reduce feelings of stress and tension. Mix two drops of wintergreen, cypress and lemongrass oils into an unscented lotion. Massage into affected areas. Make a homemade vapor rub by combining eucalyptus, peppermint and coconut oil.
Rub on your chest and neck. Combine peppermint, cypress and ginger oils with cayenne pepper and coconut oil for a homemade muscle rub. To support the healing of broken bones, apply helichrysum, fir and cypress essential oils.
Add 8—10 drops of grapefruit essential oil to warm bath water. Inhale bergamot, peppermint or grapefruit seed essential oils to increase concentration during the day. Eucalyptus essential oil is known for its powerful ability to fight coughs and open airways.
Add a few drops into steaming hot water or diffuser. Inhale to help clear nasal passage. To boost mood and relieve depression, add rose essential oil to baths, inhalations and diffusers to improve mood. Take ginger, peppermint and fennel essential oils to support digestion and healing leaky gut. Add 1—3 drops of eucalyptus, peppermint and lavender essential oils to a cool cloth and sponge the body.
Inhale peppermint and cinnamon essential oils to reduce your appetite and balance blood sugar. Add six drops each of juniper berry , cedarwood, grapefruit, lavender, rosemary and lemon oil into a warm bath. Carrier gas was He, The components of the essential oil were identified by comparison of their Linear Retention Indices on the two columns, determined in relation to a homologous series of n-alkanes, with those from pure standards or reported in literature.
Comparison of fragmentation patterns in the mass spectra with those stored on databases Adams, ; McLafferty and Stauffer, was also performed. The quantification of the components was performed on the basis of their GC peak areas on SE, except those indicated in Tables 1 and 2 , which were obtained on Carbowax 20M, without corrections for response factors.
The first was equipped with a column coated with SE and the second with a chiral column coated with a derivatized b -cyclodextrin, a hot interface, a rotary switching valve and a system to maintain a constant flow during the transfer. With this system a heart-cut of the relevant fractions can be made and these fractions transferred from the non-chiral column to the chiral one in the following experimental conditions: Volume injected, 1 m l of an oil dilution 1: Carrier gas was Helium, 90 kPa precolumn , kPa analytical column.
The results obtained in the analysis of the essential oils of M. Twenty two different components were identified in the essential oil of M. The enantiomeric ratio of the five main components menthone, isomenthone, isomenthol, menthol and pulegone was established for M.
To improve the separation on the second chiral phase 2,3-DiEtTBS- b -CDX menthone and pulegone were analysed in one chromatographic run and isomenthol and isomenthone in a second one. In conclusion, the basic composition of the oil of M. The analysis of the oil of M. The major constituent was piperitenone oxide Previous studies on the essential oil of M.
An essential oil is "essential" in the sense that it contains the "essence of" the plant's fragrance—the characteristic fragrance of the plant from which it is derived. Essential oils are generally extracted by distillation , often by using steam.
Other processes include expression , solvent extraction , sfumatura , absolute oil extraction, resin tapping, wax embedding, and cold pressing. They are used in perfumes , cosmetics , soaps and other products, for flavoring food and drink, and for adding scents to incense and household cleaning products.
Essential oils are often used for aromatherapy , a form of alternative medicine in which healing effects are ascribed to aromatic compounds. Aromatherapy may be useful to induce relaxation, but there is not sufficient evidence that essential oils can effectively treat any condition. Essential oils have been used in folk medicine throughout history.
The earliest recorded mention of the techniques and methods used to produce essential oils is believed to be that of Ibn al-Baitar — , an Al-Andalusian Muslim-controlled Spain physician , pharmacist and chemist. Rather than refer to essential oils themselves, modern works typically discuss specific chemical compounds of which the essential oils are composed.
Interest in essential oils has revived in recent decades with the popularity of aromatherapy , a branch of alternative medicine that uses essential oils and other aromatic compounds. Oils are volatilized, diluted in a carrier oil and used in massage, diffused in the air by a nebulizer , heated over a candle flame, or burned as incense. Medical applications proposed by those who sell medicinal oils range from skin treatments to remedies for cancer and often are based solely on historical accounts of use of essential oils for these purposes.
Claims for the efficacy of medical treatments, and treatment of cancers in particular, are now subject to regulation in most countries.
Most common essential oils such as lavender , peppermint, tea tree oil , patchouli , and eucalyptus are distilled. Raw plant material, consisting of the flowers , leaves , wood , bark , roots , seeds , or peel , is put into an alembic distillation apparatus over water.
As the water is heated, the steam passes through the plant material, vaporizing the volatile compounds. The vapors flow through a coil, where they condense back to liquid, which is then collected in the receiving vessel.
Most oils are distilled in a single process. One exception is ylang-ylang Cananga odorata which is purifed through a fractional distillation. The recondensed water is referred to as a hydrosol, hydrolat, herbal distillate , or plant water essence, which may be sold as another fragrant product.
Hydrosols include rose water , lavender water, lemon balm , clary sage , and orange blossom water. The use of herbal distillates in cosmetics is increasing. Most citrus peel oils are expressed mechanically or cold-pressed similar to olive oil extraction. Lemon or sweet orange oils are obtained as byproducts of the citrus industry. Before the discovery of distillation, all essential oils were extracted by pressing.
Most flowers contain too little volatile oil to undergo expression, but their chemical components are too delicate and easily denatured by the high heat used in steam distillation. Instead, a solvent such as hexane or supercritical carbon dioxide is used to extract the oils.
Although highly fragrant, concretes contain large quantities of non-fragrant waxes and resins. Often, another solvent, such as ethyl alcohol , is used to extract the fragrant oil from the concrete.
The precipitates are then filtered out and the ethanol is removed from the remaining solution by evaporation, vacuum purge, or both, leaving behind the absolute. Supercritical carbon dioxide is used as a solvent in supercritical fluid extraction.
This method can avoid petrochemical residues in the product and the loss of some "top notes" when steam distillation is used.
It does not yield an absolute directly. The supercritical carbon dioxide will extract both the waxes and the essential oils that make up the concrete. Subsequent processing with liquid carbon dioxide, achieved in the same extractor by merely lowering the extraction temperature, will separate the waxes from the essential oils.
This lower temperature process prevents the decomposition and denaturing of compounds. When the extraction is complete, the pressure is reduced to ambient and the carbon dioxide reverts to a gas, leaving no residue. Florasol is another solvent used to obtain essential oils. It was originally developed as a refrigerant to replace Freon. The essential oils are mostly pure and contain little to no foreign substances.
Estimates of total production of essential oils are difficult to obtain. One estimate, compiled from data in , , and from various sources, gives the following total production, in tonnes, of essential oils for which more than 1, tonnes were produced.
The medical value of essential oils is the subject of ongoing research, and varies among species, presence or absence of active compound s , route of administration, potency, and dosage. Some may be inappropriate for persons with certain medical conditions or who take certain prescriptions or over-the-counter OTC medications.
Taken by mouth, many essential oils can be dangerous in high concentrations. Typical effects begin with a burning feeling, followed by salivation. In the stomach, the effect is carminative , relaxing the gastric sphincter and encouraging eructation belching. Further down the gut, the effect typically is antispasmodic. Different essential oils may have drastically different pharmacology.
Some act as locally anesthetic counterirritants and, thereby, exert an antitussive effect. Some essential oils, such as those of juniper and agathosma , are valued for their diuretic effects. Many essential oils affect the skin and mucous membranes in ways that are valuable or harmful. Many essential oils, particularly tea tree oil , may cause contact dermatitis. Typically, they produce rubefacient irritation at first and then counterirritant numbness.
Turpentine oil and camphor are two typical examples of oils that cause such effects. Menthol and some others produce a feeling of cold followed by a sense of burning. This is caused by its effect on heat-sensing nerve endings.
If you're finally curious enough to give essential oils a go, we've got the information to help you get started. We compiled a comprehensive. Not sure how to navigate the land of essential oils? Find out everything you need to know about the best essential oils and how to use them. Essential oils have been used for more than years for natural remedies for various conditions and also to improve the health of skin, hair and body, or to.