This is part of an on-going series of Sun-Times info guides about cannabis. Today, we look at CBD oil: what it is; how it works; what it treats plus. In Illinois, medical cannabis is legal pot that's bought by a qualifying opioid prescriptions were given to over 2 million Illinoisans in CBD oil, which is short for cannabidiol oil, is a cannabinoid extract that has many of the health benefits of medical marijuana (for example, pain.
legal 2017 illinois cannabidiol in
To buy marijuana-derived CBD from an Illinois dispensary, qualifying patients must first obtain a medical cannabis card by following the steps outlined in this Sun-Times guide to medical marijuana in Illinois.
Hemp-based CBD products can be bought over-the-counter at wellness centers and bong shops in most of America, including Illinois. There are a pair of options for hemp-based CBD users: All the different chemicals found in the cannabis plant are said to have various healing effects. For example, non-intoxicating CDG apparently helps with sleep and inflammation and kills bacteria.
In June, the U. Food and Drug Administration approved the first prescription CBD drug, a move that will almost undoubtedly spur more research into what else it can treat. The drug, a strawberry-flavored syrup called Epidiolex, is used to treat two rare forms of childhood epilepsy.
During their research, FDA officials found that Epidiolex reduced seizures when it was combined with other epilepsy drugs. Before Epidiolex can go to market, the Drug Enforcement Administration must formally reclassify CBD into a federal drug category with medical approval. Subscribe for unlimited digital access. By Tom Schuba email. What is the history of CBD? Is CBD legal in Illinois? What is CBD used to treat? What are the effects of CBD? Are there different types of CBD?
Yes, there are several different types including: A guide to medical marijuana in Illinois Our coverage also includes: Currently Trending dear abby Dear Abby: Marijuana plants grown today contain THC levels hovering around 20 percent. The bill also allows for the marketing of hemp products. Although it's not currently permitted here, legislation is pending in Illinois to allow for the cultivation and sale of hemp.
Hemp has long been grown for a variety of purposes: CBD as a favored hemp product is a more recent development. Over the past several years, as CBD started to gain a reputation for having a variety of therapeutic benefits, hemp producers began marketing and manufacturing CBD extracts. Preliminary research and anecdotal evidence suggests CBD may carry valuable anti-inflammatory, antiseizure, and pain-relief properties, and may also be effective in treating substance abuse disorders, according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse.
The legal picture became infinitely more complicated once states like Illinois began piloting medical marijuana programs and other states, including California, Colorado, and Washington, legalized recreational weed. While marijuana remains a federally scheduled drug at the national level, its legal status actually depends on where you live.
Revolution, like all state-licensed medical marijuana cultivators in Illinois, has been subjected to strict scrutiny since the state's Medical Cannabis Pilot Program took effect in Access to its products is restricted to medical marijuana cardholders, and access to those so-called "green cards" has been hard to come by—just about 16, state residents have obtained them since the launch of the program. Meanwhile, retailers sell CBD products sourced from hemp to the general public with little fanfare and no state or federal oversight—with mixed benefit to the public.
CBD Kratom owner David Palatnik operates out of two locations—his first shop in Bucktown and a recently opened second location in Andersonville. Palatnik says he first tried CBD as a sleep aid about two years ago after purchasing the extract from a smoke shop. He was inspired to open to his shop because he believed "CBD should not be sold in a smoke shop, but in a nicer shop that offers a lot more information about what CBD is and a lot more variety.
Warrender, who suffers from fibromyalgia, a condition that causes widespread muscle pain, says he tried CBD about a year ago and found it significantly relieved his discomfort.
The extract can be ingested as a tincture under the tongue or as a vaporizer liquid. But because sales of CBD in vape shops fall outside the bounds of the state's medical marijuana program, these products are unregulated.
You might buy something labeled CBD, but "you might not be taking anything at all—you might be taking pure glycerin and flavor," Shroyer says. Of these, 18 tested positive for the presence of at least one cannabinoid compound.
But three contained less than 0. Palatnik says he purchases all of his CBD products prepackaged from companies based in states where hemp cultivation is legal, tries them himself before he sells them in his shop, and receives lab results from the companies he buys them from detailing each product's chemical composition.
Warrender says his company sources "pure isolate"—a crystallized form of CBD—from "the largest hemp manufacturer in the world in Colorado" and then mixes the isolate with a base of vegetable glycerin to create his CBD liquids. But Warrender declined to provide the name of the Colorado company he works with.
He also acknowledges that the industry is "completely unregulated" and says he was compelled to get into the CBD business because other companies didn't include information about dosing or concentration levels on product packaging.
In the absence of a regulatory system, consumers are reliant on company claims and business owners like Palatnik and Warrender to gain any information about the CBD product they're buying. A push for regulations to ensure consumers are actually getting what's advertised on the packaging would be a worthy cause. But given CBD's potential medical benefits and nonpsychoactive effect, there's little evidence to justify making it illegal or even just extremely hard to obtain.
Tell that to the DEA. Last December the agency created a new drug classification for marijuana extracts that seemed to indicate that CBD, no matter its source, would be considered a Schedule I drug—in the same category as heroin—despite the provisions carved out for hemp production in the farm bill and despite the nascent evidence of CBD's potential medical benefits.
Barbara Carreno, a spokesperson for the agency, says the new classification was created as a "housekeeping" measure to better keep track of studies specifically around marijuana extracts. She says the agency has always and continues to view marijuana extracts as Schedule I substances, those "with no currently accepted medical use and a high potential for abuse. When asked if the agency considered CBD extracts derived from hemp to be a Schedule I substance, Carreno said it's impossible to extract CBD from hemp because hemp is considered to be the stalk of the marijuana plant, and CBD is found only in its leaves and flowers.
The DEA backtracked this claim in a recently released clarification acknowledging that you can indeed extract CBD from hemp, but it's just "not practical. Knight, the legal expert, disagrees. While its stalks are a poor source of the chemical compound, CBD may still be derived from them, he adds. But more importantly, he argues, the DEA's stance is illogical given there's nothing that could legally bar a manufacturer from producing CBD extract from any part of the hemp plant so long as they're abiding by state rules.
Whether or not the DEA recognizes the absurdity of its position, Knight says, the agency's hands are tied when it comes to prosecuting retailers or producers—in short, it can't. A congressional appropriations bill bars the use of federal funds to to prohibit the sale, transportation, or processing of hemp products "within or outside the state in which the industrial hemp is grown or cultivated.
Because of this, from a federal standpoint, the CBD products found in vape shops, like those sold by Warrender's company, and the CBD items for sale in Palatnik's store, "are completely legal," Knight says. It's possible these stores may violate state laws, but they could only be prosecuted by a state law enforcement agency that doesn't receive federal dollars.
Warrender says he consulted attorneys to be sure that CBD derived from hemp was indeed something he could legally sell to the general public. But while the farm bill and subsequent pieces of legislation have essentially legalized the product, Warrender says the industry should still "be ready and willing to defend it.
Officials with the Illinois Department of Agriculture say CBD products fall under the purview of Illinois's medical pot pilot program and that they forward any reports of stores selling what purports to be CBD to the "proper authorities. Given the legislation in place, the number of stores openly selling CBD products, and the fact that law enforcement would need to make sure they don't spend federal dollars in any crackdown effort, it's unlikely these businesses will experience any pushback from state or federal agencies.
Of course, this legal and regulatory confusion could all be resolved at some point if the federal government relaxed its regulations on marijuana. Or it could become still more confusing. Even as Attorney General Jeff Sessions has promised to crack down on states where pot is legal , on Wednesday the state house and senate introduced bills to make recreational weed legal in Illinois. Showing 1- 26 of Switch to the mobile version of this page.
Cannabis 101: A guide to CBD oil, what it is, how it works, who can use it
While it's true that CBD is legal in all 50 states, there are situations when Delaware, Florida, Hawaii, Illinois, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts. Thursday, March 23, "The law should be that CBD is either illegal or legal ," says Rod Knight, an attorney and marijuana infinitely more complicated once states like Illinois began piloting medical marijuana programs and other states. CBD oil is being spotted more and more in health stores around the country, but marijuana remains illegal, Connecticut, Delaware, Illinois, Maryland, since , and in the Senate expanded its legality to be used as.