Your doctor might diagnose you with major depression if you have five or more of these symptoms on most days for 2 weeks or longer. At least. Most people with bipolar II disorder suffer more often from episodes of depression. This is where the term "manic depression" comes from. Disclaimer Please note: Our screens are only for adults. By clicking on a screen below, you acknowledge that the screen is not a diagnostic instrument and is.
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Hadzi-Pavlovic D, Parker G Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain This audio file was created from a revision of the article " Major depressive disorder " dated , and does not reflect subsequent edits to the article. Delirium Post-concussion syndrome Organic brain syndrome. Psychoactive substances, substance abuse and substance-related disorders. Schizophrenia , schizotypal and delusional.
Schizoaffective disorder Schizophreniform disorder Brief reactive psychosis. Disorganized hebephrenic schizophrenia Paranoid schizophrenia Simple-type schizophrenia Childhood schizophrenia Pseudoneurotic schizophrenia. Neurotic , stress -related and somatoform. Adjustment disorder with depressed mood. Dissociative identity disorder Psychogenic amnesia Fugue state Depersonalization disorder.
Postpartum depression Postpartum psychosis. Adult personality and behavior. Sexual maturation disorder Ego-dystonic sexual orientation Sexual relationship disorder Paraphilia Voyeurism Fetishism. Personality disorder Impulse control disorder Kleptomania Trichotillomania Pyromania Dermatillomania Factitious disorder Munchausen syndrome.
Disorders typically diagnosed in childhood. X-linked intellectual disability Lujan—Fryns syndrome. Mood disorder F30—F39 , Goodwin Kay Redfield Jamison.
Clinical psychology Electroconvulsive therapy Involuntary commitment Light therapy Psychotherapy Transcranial magnetic stimulation Cognitive behavioral therapy Dialectical behavior therapy. Bipolar disorder used to be known as 'manic depression' because the person experiences periods of depression and periods of mania, with periods of normal mood in between.
Mania is like the opposite of depression and can vary in intensity — symptoms include feeling great, having lots of energy, having racing thoughts and little need for sleep, talking quickly, having difficulty focusing on tasks, and feeling frustrated and irritable.
This is not just a fleeting experience. Sometimes the person loses touch with reality and has episodes of psychosis. Experiencing psychosis involves hallucinations seeing or hearing something that is not there or having delusions e. Bipolar disorder seems to be most closely linked to family history. Stress and conflict can trigger episodes for people with this condition and it's not uncommon for bipolar disorder to be misdiagnosed as depression, alcohol or drug abuse, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ADHD or schizophrenia.
Diagnosis depends on the person having had an episode of mania and, unless observed, this can be hard to pick. It is not uncommon for people to go for years before receiving an accurate diagnosis of bipolar disorder. If you're experiencing highs and lows, it's helpful to make this clear to your doctor or treating health professional. Bipolar disorder affects approximately 2 per cent of the population. Cyclothymic disorder is often described as a milder form of bipolar disorder.
The person experiences chronic fluctuating moods over at least two years, involving periods of hypomania a mild to moderate level of mania and periods of depressive symptoms, with very short periods no more than two months of normality between. The duration of the symptoms are shorter, less severe and not as regular, and therefore don't fit the criteria of bipolar disorder or major depression.
The symptoms of dysthymia are similar to those of major depression but are less severe. However, in the case of dysthymia, symptoms last longer. A person has to have this milder depression for more than two years to be diagnosed with dysthymia. SAD is a mood disorder that has a seasonal pattern. The cause of the disorder is unclear, but it's thought to be related to the variation in light exposure in different seasons.
It's characterised by mood disturbances either periods of depression or mania that begin and end in a particular season. Depression which starts in winter and subsides when the season ends is the most common. It's usually diagnosed after the person has had the same symptoms during winter for a couple of years. People with SAD depression are more likely to experience a lack of energy, sleep too much, overeat, gain weight and crave for carbohydrates.
SAD is very rare in Australia and more likely to be found in countries with shorter days and longer periods of darkness, such as in the cold climate areas of the Northern Hemisphere. Remember, depression is treatable and effective treatments are available. The earlier you seek support , the better. Find out more about depression and anxiety, available treatments and where to get help in your local area.
Sign up below for regular emails filled with information, advice and support for you or your loved ones. Home The facts Depression Types of depression. Types of depression There are different types of depressive disorders.
Major depression Major depression is sometimes called major depressive disorder, clinical depression, unipolar depression or simply 'depression'. Melancholia This is the term used to describe a severe form of depression where many of the physical symptoms of depression are present.
Psychotic depression Sometimes people with a depressive disorder can lose touch with reality and experience psychosis.
Types of depression
Depression has many other symptoms, including physical ones. If you have been experiencing any of the following signs and symptoms for at least 2 weeks, you. Bipolar disorder is easily confused with depression because it can include Our 2-minute Self-Assessments may help identify if you could. If depressive symptoms are present (on most days) for at least 2 years without any periods of remission exceeding 2 months, the condition is.