NOTE: This fact sheet discusses research findings on effective treatment approaches for drug abuse and addiction. If you're seeking treatment. Drug treatment is intended to help addicted individuals stop compulsive drug seeking and use. Treatment can occur in a variety of settings, take many different . There's no cure for addiction and simply telling a person to stop doesn't work. Fortunately, however, there are effective ways to treat addiction. What treatment is.
is addiction treated? How
The goal of motivational interviewing is to have the client find their own drive and desire to make appropriate choices rather than being forced into it by threats of legal recourse or guilt.
The therapist is tasked with building the desire to change within the client by being empathic, managing client resistance, and illustrating the differences between what the client wants and what they are doing to achieve it.
If someone wants to live a happy life, the therapist could ask if daily heroin use aids or provides a hindrance to this goal. Motivational interviewing has been shown to be helpful in a number of settings, including:. This treatment style is based on a phased progression through treatment that helps to reprocess information from the trauma.
EMDR believes that this information leads to unwanted symptoms when not processed sufficiently. An interesting component of EMDR is the eye movement used during the middle phases of treatment. Here, the therapist will ask the client to track the therapist's fingers as they are moved laterally back and forth.
EMDR believes that this stimulation helps to access parts of the brain used to reprocess information. Therapists may also use sounds or touches to produce this effect. In the case of substance use, EMDR can be helpful since trauma is commonly associated with addiction. Some will use substances to avoid or numb memories of traumatic events while others will experience trauma due to their use. In both cases, using EMDR to reprocess the traumatic information can lead to a reduction of symptoms.
EMDR has the reputation of working quickly. Some find benefit after only one session. Whereas EMDR works to replace the negatives of trauma with positive images and beliefs, FSAP works to replace the positives associated with substance use with negative images and beliefs.
By doing this, the use will be seen as less desirable. This attention to the person using the substance or in recovery is crucial for enduring success, but it can be limiting as well. The person does not exist in a vacuum as they are part of wider family and community settings. These settings can either aid recovery or serve as a hindrance based on the established routines, reinforcements, and communication styles.
Because of this, many therapies will acknowledge and modify the influence of the family and community to improve the rates of success for the client.
The treatment styles that focus on the client and their surroundings equally are referred to as family-based or community-based therapies. Community reinforcement approach CRA is one such treatment style that broadens the focus beyond the client to the entire environment that impacts the client. CRA incorporates the belief that success is more likely if these aspects of the person's life are more stable and satisfying.
This treatment is effective for adolescents as well as adults since they are more likely to be influenced by peer groups. For example, the job training does not focus on finding the client the first available employment opportunity. Instead, it strives to find work that is rewarding and fulfilling to the client. By targeting family relationships in family therapy, the client as well as their concerned significant others CSOs work to identify the systems in place that damage the relationship and maintain substance use.
During sessions, they will find new ways to communicate effectively. Lastly, chances are good that much of the client's free time has been spent focused on acquiring and using their substance.
One form of CRA involves a voucher system as described in the behavioral therapy section. It is called community reinforcement approach plus vouchers , and this week program has been helpful for people with alcohol, cocaine, or opioid use issues. This form of treatment yields results that are on par with live, in-person CRA plus vouchers. Multidimensional Family Therapy Multidimensional Family Therapy MDFT is an approach especially useful for the adolescent or young adult population that abuse substances.
MDFT is interested in recognizing the all of the influences in place that lead to substance use. Once these factors are established, MDFT works to address and modify each one individually, as there is no solution that will be appropriate for each setting. In MDFT, sessions are held with the therapist and client, with the therapist and parent, and then with the therapist and the entire family.
In the client sessions , the therapist will work to:. In family sessions, the therapist will work to bring together the ideas and principles previously discussed in the other sessions. This combined style is called integrative therapy. Here, the therapy will select certain elements from a variety of approaches and add community, family, and social factors to build a well-rounded treatment.
The Matrix Model The Matrix Model of treatment has been found clinically appropriate for people dealing with use of stimulants like cocaine, crystal meth, and ADHD medications. It works by including varied features to account for all contributors of substance use. The Matrix Model utilizes behavioral therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, family-based therapy , and others to boost the benefit to the client and their family.
The Matrix Model is a highly-structured outpatient therapy program. It features treatment manuals loaded with information and homework sheets that guide the treatment. This style engages the client throughout the week program when they are in and out of sessions, which places more focus on recovery.
This information is not intended to be exhaustive, but rather a comprehensive starting point to provide information related to some commonly available treatment options for substance use. For more information about addiction visit our research library here.
Availability and fees for these services will vary according to the area and the abundance of service providers. Each person's individual differences will dictate the form of treatment that is ideal for them. Treatment is available for those who seek it and can work for those engaged in it. To find a program right for you, call Who Answers? Types of Addiction Treatment Therapies Addiction treatment therapies include but are not limited to the following: For those seeking addiction treatment for themselves or a loved one, the DrugAbuse.
Our helpline is offered at no cost to you and with no obligation to enter into treatment. Finding the perfect treatment is only one phone call away! Thinking About Getting Rehab? A behavioral therapist will use specific interventions to address the unwanted behaviors including: Your doctor may ask:. Drug addiction substance use disorder care at Mayo Clinic. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. This content does not have an English version.
This content does not have an Arabic version. Diagnosis Diagnosing drug addiction substance use disorder requires a thorough evaluation and often includes an assessment by a psychiatrist, a psychologist, or a licensed alcohol and drug counselor. Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic. References Substance-related and addictive disorders. American Psychiatric Association; Accessed July 17, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn.
Understanding drug use and addiction. National Institute on Drug Abuse. Your brain and addiction. National Institute on Drug Abuse for Teens.
Drugs, brains, and behavior: The science of addiction. Misuse of prescription drugs. Lessons from prevention research. Treatment approaches for drug addiction. Principles of drug addiction treatment: A research-based guide third edition. Ventura AS, et al. To improve substance use disorder prevention, treatment and recovery: Journal of Addiction Medicine. Mendola A, et al. Addiction, step programs, and evidentiary standards for ethically and clinically sound treatment recommendations: What should clinicians do?
AMA Journal of Ethics. Intervention — Tips and guidelines. Ali S, et al. Early detection of illicit drug use in teenagers. Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience. Sex and gender differences in substance use. Thiels CA, et al. Wide variation and overprescription of opioids after elective surgery. Opioid overdose reversal with naloxone Narcan, Evzio. Hall-Flavin DK expert opinion.
Overcoming Drug Addiction
A range of interventions and rehabilitation programs is available, but treating addiction often requires active participation from the person with. There are many treatment options available for people struggling with an addiction to drugs or alcohol. These include inpatient and outpatient. Although there's no cure for drug addiction, treatment options explained below can help you overcome an addiction and stay drug-free.