The Sydney central business district is the main commercial centre of Sydney, the state capital The Sydney CBD is Australia's main financial and economic centre, as well as a leading hub of economic activity for the Asia-Pacific region. Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia and . Road was opened in , which is one of Sydney's oldest roads and Australia's first highway between two cities – Sydney CBD and Parramatta. Discover Sydney accommodation, highlights and more. Explore Sydney.
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It was the second largest in the British Empire, after London, with routes covering kilometres miles. The internal combustion engine made buses more flexible than trams and consequently more popular, leading to the progressive closure of the tram network with the final tram operating in It was extended to Lilyfield in and then Dulwich Hill in The Parramatta Light Rail has also been announced.
Bus services today are conducted by a mixture of Government and private operators. In areas previously serviced by trams the government State Transit Authority operates, in other areas, there are private albeit part funded by the state government operators.
Integrated tickets called Opal cards operate on both government and private bus routes. State Transit alone operated a fleet of 2, buses and serviced over million passengers during In total, nearly million boardings were recorded across the bus network  NightRide is a nightly bus service that operate between midnight and 5am, also replacing trains for most of this period. Train services are operated by Sydney Trains. The organisation maintains stations and kilometres miles of railway and provides million journeys each year.
At the time the Sydney Harbour Bridge opened in , the city's ferry service was the largest in the world. It services 46 international and 23 domestic destinations. Bankstown is also the fourth busiest airport in Australia by number of aircraft movements.
Cruise ship terminals are located at Sydney Cove and White Bay. As climate change , greenhouse gas emissions and pollution have become a major issue for Australia, Sydney has in the past been criticised for its lack of focus on reducing pollution, cutting back on emissions and maintaining water quality.
The development led to the release of the Metropolitan Air Quality Scheme MAQS , which led to a broader understanding of the causation of pollution in Sydney, allowing the government to form appropriate responses to the pollution. Australian cities are some of the most car dependent cities in the world.
It also has a low level of mass-transit services, with a historically low-density layout and significant urban sprawl , thus increasing the likelihood of car dependency. The City of Sydney became the first council in Australia to achieve formal certification as carbon-neutral in The city also has an "urban forest growth strategy", in which it aims to regular increase the tree coverage in the city by frequently planting trees with strong leaf density and vegetation to provide cleaner air and create moisture during hot weather, thus lowering city temperatures.
The One Central Park development, completed in , is an example of this implementation and design. Obtaining sufficient fresh water was difficult during early colonial times. A catchment called the Tank Stream sourced water from what is now the CBD but was little more than an open sewer by the end of the s. The WaterNSW now manages eleven major dams: The two distributors which maintain Sydney's electricity infrastructure are Ausgrid and Endeavour Energy.
Sydney maintains sister city and friendship city relations with numerous global cities. These were established to form links of friendship, cultural understanding, inter-community relations, and to develop closer economic ties.
Sydney is officially affiliated with: National and ACT Canberra. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 10 February This article is about the Australian metropolis. For the local government area, see City of Sydney. For other uses, see Sydney disambiguation. City in New South Wales, Australia. History of Sydney and Timeline of Sydney.
Climate data for Sydney Observatory Hill. Architecture of Sydney , List of heritage houses in Sydney , and List of tallest buildings in Sydney. Local government areas of New South Wales. Public transport in Sydney. Patronage of Transport for NSW 's Sydney public transport services based on tap on and tap off data from the Opal ticketing system. Environmental issues in Australia. Climate change in Australia and Renewable energy in Australia.
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Links to related articles. Local government areas of Sydney. List of Sydney suburbs. Sports teams based in Sydney. Greater Western Sydney Giants. New South Wales Patriots. New South Wales Blues. New South Wales Breakers. Sydney Sixers Sydney Thunder. New South Wales Waratahs. New South Wales Arrows. Sydney University Handball Club. Sydney Bears Sydney Ice Dogs. George Illawarra Dragons Sydney Roosters. Greater Sydney Rams Sydney Rays. New South Wales portal. Capital cities of Australia.
List of cities in Australia. Burnie Devonport Hobart Launceston. Summer Olympic Games host cities. Rio de Janeiro Summer Paralympic Games host cities. Commonwealth Games host cities.
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Hotels in Sydney near Sydney CBD
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