Are you thinking about giving your dog THC? Or have you seen some CBD oils which contain THC? Be careful: THC can produce very harsh side effects in pets. Pet owners want to know if marijuana is toxic to cats. See whether Aspirin Is not Safe for Cats and Neither Is Tylenol or Advil. Cat Toxins. We aren't saying marijuana is good or bad for your dog. What we're saying is there are some precautions to take. Read this article to learn.
For Is Cannabis Pets? Safe
Veterinary advice was sought again. Initially the cat was calm during the clinical examination, which included sampling of blood. The general condition of the cat was good. Respiration, pulse and rectal temperature were normal. The mucous membrane was pink and moist and the lymph nodes of normal size. The abdominal cavity was soft and painless on palpation and the patient showed no neurological abnormalities except for symmetrical mydriasis and scleral congestion.
Alternate periods of agitation and apathy, each lasting several minutes, occurred. During the period of agitation, the cat jumped onto furniture, intensively explored the premises, walked into objects and stepped into a water bowl. In the quiet period, the cat sat in one place staring at one point and reacted poorly to external stimuli mainly vocal; calling by the owner. The examining veterinarian asked the owner to contact her partner in order to identify possible causes of the medical condition of the cat.
During the h hospitalisation, there were two periods of agitation and aggression. Sedatives were not applied as the attacks lasted less than a few minutes. The blood sample underwent toxicological analysis.
A screening enzyme-linked immunoassay analysis ELISA was used to screen for opiates, cannabinols, benzodiazepines, amphetamines and their derivatives as well as cocaine. A positive result was observed for cannabinols. Hence, further verification and quantitative tests were conducted with the use of gas chromatography tandem mass spectrometry GC—MS Gas chromatograph: The blood tests revealed the presence of deltaTHC at 5. The animal was returned to its owner and future isolation of the animal from marijuana smoke was advised.
The toxicokinetics of deltaTHC in cats has not been reported yet. In humans and laboratory animals, the metabolism of deltaTHC depends mostly on the exposure route. Following inhalation, the concentration of THC rapidly increases in the blood, reaching its maximum concentration within a couple of minutes. Although studies have been conducted on neurological diseases [ 3 , 4 ], inhibition of the cough reflex [ 5 ], or hypothermia [ 6 ] associated with deltaTHC administration in cats, little is known about the feline metabolism of marijuana.
We found that the metabolism of deltaTHC in cats sees to resemble that in humans, as the same main metabolites were formed. However, we did not assess this metabolite, and it remains unclear whether it is also formed in cats. The minimal toxic or lethal dose of deltaTHC for a cat is unknown. The clinical signs of an intoxication with deltaTHC in cats differ from those in humans, and include disorders of consciousness, possibly leading to a coma, convulsions, ataxia, depression or agitation, anxiety, vocalization, hypersalivation, diarrhoea and vomiting, bradycardia or tachycardia, hypothermia and mydriasis [ 2 ].
The clinical signs of a marijuana intoxication in dogs have been reported by Janczyk et al. Other studies show that the main symptoms of a deltaTHC intoxication in dogs are mydriasis, urinary incontinence and hyperaesthesia [ 7 ]. In our study, the clinical findings were similar to those in dogs, although behavior disorders aggression, disorientation , neurological disorders mydriasis, disorders of movement coordination and disorders of the alimentary tract hypersalivation, gluttony attacks, and enhanced thirst were the most prominent.
Decrease in arterial blood pressure, bradycardia or lower respiratory rate, which have previously been reported [ 10 ] were not present in our case. Cats may be prone to develop marijuana intoxication or cancers of the mouth and lymph nodes because of second-hand tobacco exposure [ 12 ].
When cats groom themselves, they lick up the toxins or carcinogens that accumulate on their fur. This grooming behaviour exposes the oral mucosa to the cancer-causing carcinogens, and it can intensify harmful effects of passive smoking [ 12 ].
Furthermore, in cases of deliberate exposure of pets to toxic substances, the owner, as well as the veterinarian must consider reporting the matter to relevant services.
The number of countries allowing legal use of marijuana for medical purposes has increased. In addition, some pet owners find marijuana to be a safe stimulant and smoke it for recreation at home in the presence of their pets. An empty gram coffee can, with a secure top, can work well. Be aware of poisoning signs and symptoms: In pets this can present as uncoordinated movement, balance disturbances, disorientation, hyperactivity, dilated pupils, vocalization, drooling, variations in temperature and heart rate rhythms and possibly dribbling urine.
In severe cases, seizures, tremors and coma can result. It is really important to tell your veterinarian if you think your pet has consumed cannabis. Connect with support when needed: If your pet is showing signs of poisoning, it is important to get them immediate medical care.
Signs of poisoning can be immediate or may occur hours after exposure and can be short-lived or last for several days. Many people are unaware that both recreational and medical cannabis products can be harmful to our pets. Because medical cannabis is prescribed, it is often thought to be made up of mostly non-psychotropic CBD cannabidiol , but it can contain high levels of THC. It is also common for medical cannabis products to be in concentrated forms, such as oils, and therefore potentially more harmful if ingested by pets.
Pets are also being increasingly exposed to hemp products — specifically as a remedy for pet ailments such as pain and anxiety. Hemp contains a very low level of THC , less than 0. The Canadian Veterinary Medical Association notes that cannabis use of any type is not approved for animals and could interact with other medications and have unknown side effects. There is a need for research in this area. As with any beloved family member, knowing the facts is essential.
This is available for free to campus students and clients of the Western College of Veterinary Medicine. And if an accident does occur, after receiving medical attention most dogs will recover.
Following the ABCs of cannabis safety for pets can help prevent unnecessary suffering for all family members. Should we be worried about indoor air pollution? Offences against the person? Cats are also susceptible to cannabis poisoning but are less likely to ingest it, she said.
Although there have been no known fatal cannabis overdoses in humans, dogs in rare cases have been known to succumb when they ingest large amounts, said Natasha Russell, an Edmonton veterinarian and president of the Edmonton Association of Small Animal Veterinarians.
Veterinarians will rarely induce vomiting, said Russell. However, if there are other accompanying toxins involved—such as chocolate in a brownie or the sugar substitute Xylitol—dogs may be made to purge, she said. It pointed to a fourfold rise in reported toxicity in dogs following legalization in Colorado. The increase may be due in part to a growing social acceptance of the drug, said Varnhagen, and a willingness among pet owners to come clean when their pets get into their cannabis.
They're much less able to cope with smoke of any kind. Last summer the U. Food and Drug Administration approved the use of CBD to treat human epilepsy, the first time it has approved any cannabis-related drug. So far Health Canada has not approved any veterinary medicine with CBD, which has prompted some to use either unregulated or human products, such as tinctures and oils, on their pets, said Varnhagen.
Marijuana intoxication in a cat
As research continues to emerge, pet parents and veterinarians alike are finding that medical cannabis can provide positive benefits for dogs. Here's everything. Find out about the effects of marijuana on dogs when ingested. of butter and grease and fat and a ton of other stuff that's bad for them,” says Dr. Tim Hackett. With its legalization, marijuana is becoming more and more popular. In fact, Pet Poison Helpline has experienced a % increase in marijuana cases.