Medical marijuana is still illegal in many states, and research has not proved its suitability for treating attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Read what three experts say about marijuana for ADHD and CBD oil for ADHD. And read about a study that found that ADHD medication reduces the risk of. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is considered to be one of the most Several Studies Show Cannabis Effectively Treats ADHD Symptoms but also riddled with side effects such as insomnia, nausea, stunted.
ADHD: risks and Marijuana Research and
The results showed that the two substances interacted significantly and can increase strain on the heart. Currently, researchers believe that treating ADHD with marijuana can cause short-term improvements in symptoms but potentially serves to make the underlying disorder worse. For an ongoing behavioral disorder such as ADHD, people should ensure that they understand the long-term effects of any treatment before they start it. At the present time, there is a lack of sufficient evidence to suggest that marijuana may help with ADHD symptoms.
For many years, researchers did not conduct studies involving marijuana, but now this trend is reversing. I think that, in the years to come, we will see more well-constructed studies that will provide us with significant evidence one way or the other. Article last updated by Adam Felman on Tue 21 August All references are available in the References tab.
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Drug and Alcohol Dependence, , Current Psychiatry Reports, 16 3 , MNT is the registered trade mark of Healthline Media. Any medical information published on this website is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice and you should not take any action before consulting with a healthcare professional.
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Register take the tour. Reviewed by Timothy J. Marijuana is still unproven as an effective treatment for ADHD symptoms. Marijuana can have a range of unwanted, long-term effects on the brain. Marijuana and mental illness: Low dopamine levels may play a role. Click here to learn about the possible relationship between marijuana and mental illnesses.
Marijuana consumption as a teen can increase the risk of alcohol dependence when people are older. All content is strictly informational and should not be considered medical advice.
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Current treatments for alcohol use disorder are unsatisfactory, but recent research points toward a new intervention that may also benefit mood disorders.
What role does the gut play in Parkinson's disease? A review of existing research has examined the evidence for a connection between the gastrointestinal system and the progression of Parkinson's disease. The primary motivation in conducting this analysis was to systematically identify and analyze a source of information patients and caregivers might access to learn about the effects of cannabis use on ADHD.
The majority of US Internet users query the Internet for healthcare information [ 29 ]. This necessitates addressing patient use of the Internet in clinical practice and how it affects the patient-provider relationship [ 52 ]. Our data suggest that patients seeking information regarding cannabis effects on ADHD will find a greater amount of information on Internet forums biased toward cannabis improving ADHD.
This is relevant for healthcare providers so that they can anticipate perceptions informed by online resources and develop a communication style that is both inclusive of patient concerns based on such searches and contributes to quality health care [ 53 , 54 ]. Our findings indicating bias towards cannabis being beneficial for ADHD is consistent with national trends about the decreased perceived risk associated with regular cannabis use [ 24 ] and is relevant to individuals diagnosed with ADHD.
Such online information may impact perceptions promoting use, which can be problematic given the maladaptive effects of use [ 8 , 12 — 14 ].
In particular, the adverse neurocognitive effects of cannabis use [ 9 — 11 ] may have an additive effect on neurocognitive deficits observed in ADHD independent of cannabis use [ 15 , 16 ]—emerging findings support this additive effect in those with ADHD [ 18 ]. Consequently, the actual effects of cannabis use may be particularly maladaptive in ADHD patients, which stands in stark contrast to messages arguing for therapeutic effects identified in this study.
Further, there are no systematically collected data to support that cannabis is therapeutic for ADHD. Findings from this study are particularly relevant as nearly half of all US states have enacted legislation legalizing medicinal cannabis, while four states plus the District of Columbia have passed laws legalizing recreational use that will likely translate into greater cannabis availability to adolescents and more certainly young adults. The current findings demonstrate that an online source that may be used by caregivers and patients with ADHD seeking more information about cannabis favors the beneficial effects of use on ADHD.
Future studies are needed to assess if these attitudes are endorsed by ADHD patients. To our knowledge, only one study has examined perceptions of cannabis use in ADHD [ 55 ], though this study did not assess the perceived impact on ADHD. If this is supported, future studies are needed to a assess if such perceptions predict cannabis use in ADHD samples and b compare these perceptions against objective effects of cannabis in ADHD samples.
Increased understanding of these relationships can inform treatment of ADHD patients and cannabis prevention efforts e. In terms of study limitations, although data was collected from a resource that patients and caregivers may use to learn about cannabis and ADHD i. However, past studies do demonstrate that individuals seek out healthcare information online [ 29 ] and that this extends to inquiries about therapeutic effects of cannabis for different psychiatric disorders [ 25 ].
Another limitation is that this study only focuses on one Internet resource: Although this study was therefore restricted in scope, forums are commonly used to inform mental health care decisions [ 35 — 37 ] and were therefore targeted for this study. Also, given the anonymous format of forum threads, there are no demographic data or information about diagnostic status available for individuals who posted information. Further, individuals who post on forums may be a self-selected sample that may not represent views of the general population of ADHD patients.
However, this is not a limitation of the current study given that our main aim was to assess what is advocated through online forums, regardless of who is posting on such forums. Relatedly, no inferences can be drawn about the prevalence of perceptions regarding the effects of cannabis on ADHD in patients with the disorder—that was beyond the scope of the present study i.
To address this concern, as mentioned above, future studies that examine perceptions among well-characterized ADHD samples are needed.
In summary, there is a dearth of systematic studies analyzing a source of online information patients and caregivers might access to learn about the effects of cannabis on ADHD—this is the first study, to our knowledge, to do so. Our findings involving the trend of online forum threads advocating for the therapeutic effects of cannabis for ADHD are particularly important since patients and caregivers seek out information online.
Moreover, this topic is likely to be increasingly broached in clinical settings. This study also demonstrates the utility of online data to examine trends in substance use and inform future studies. In particular, findings from this study indicate the need to assess perceptions involving cannabis use and ADHD in ADHD patients, in addition to examining the objective effects of cannabis use on ADHD symptoms and associated features.
We thank Chelsea Hagmann and Simar Nagyal for assistance with data collection and cleaning. Preliminary findings from this study were presented at the 77 th annual conference for the College on Problems of Drug Dependence, Phoenix, AZ. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. All relevant data are within the paper and its Supporting Information files.
National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Published online May Sweitzer , 1, 2 Angela M. Tunno , 1 Scott H. Kollins , 1, 2 and F. Joseph McClernon 1, 2. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer.
None of the other authors have any additional declarations. Received Jan 22; Accepted May This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. In this Excel file, we provide one file: Methods A total of separate forum threads were identified.
Conclusions Despite that there are no clinical recommendations or systematic research supporting the beneficial effects of cannabis use for ADHD, online discussions indicate that cannabis is considered therapeutic for ADHD—this is the first study to identify such a trend.
Introduction Cannabis use disorder CUD refers to a problematic pattern of cannabis use leading to clinically significant impairment or distress within a 12 month period and includes at least two symptoms occurring in this context e. Methods Sample and Procedure A qualitative descriptive methodological approach was adopted. Open in a separate window. Qualitative Coding A list of topics for coding individual posts in a binary response format i.
The percentage of individual post endorsements for each respective code on the effects of cannabis on ADHD per year — among the posts analyzed. Discussion This study is the first to systematically analyze a source of online information that patients and caregivers may use to inform their opinions about ADHD and cannabis. Conclusions In summary, there is a dearth of systematic studies analyzing a source of online information patients and caregivers might access to learn about the effects of cannabis on ADHD—this is the first study, to our knowledge, to do so.
XLSX Click here for additional data file. Acknowledgments We thank Chelsea Hagmann and Simar Nagyal for assistance with data collection and cleaning. Data Availability All relevant data are within the paper and its Supporting Information files. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 5th edition DSM American Psychiatric Association; Co-occurrence of substance-related and other mental health disorders among adolescent cannabis users.
Childhood and current ADHD symptom dimensions are associated with more severe cannabis outcomes in college students. Adverse health effects of marijuana use. N Engl J Med. Effects of cannabis on neurocognitive functioning: An evidence based review of acute and long-term effects of cannabis use on executive cognitive functions. The effects of regular cannabis use on neurocognition in adolescents and young adults.
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Cannabis and ADD/ADHD
What is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)? who experience side effects or do not profit from standard medication, cannabis may. So marijuana helps manage the hyperactivity and impulse control struggles that Whatever the reasons are, marijuana use is not without risk. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a risk factor for problematic cannabis use. However, clinical and anecdotal evidence suggest.