What Is Testosterone? Where Is It Produced?An Overview of the Testes Testes secrete the male hormone testosterone. Written by Robert M. The testes or testicles are a pair of sperm-producing organs that maintain the health of the male reproductive system. Where is testosterone produced and secreted testes are known as gonads. Their female counterpart are the ovaries. In addition to their role in the male advanced bulking gym program system, the testes also have the distinction of being an endocrine gland because they secrete testosterone—a hormone that produceed vital zecreted the normal development of male physical characteristics. The testes are twin oval-shaped organs about the size of a large grape.
What Is Testosterone? Where Is It Produced? - Elite Men's Guide
Testosterone is the principal male sex hormone and anabolic steroid. Its actions are most pronounced during puberty. During puberty, it is responsible for causing the maturation of the male sex organs and other masculizing effects. Yet, testosterone is far more than just a sex hormone.
It affects the entire body. It is vitally important in the making of protein, which, in turn, forms muscle. It also plays a key role in the manufacture of bones. It even affects key functions of the brain. Testosterone levels rise during puberty, peak during the late teen years, and then level off. However, there is no absolute consensus on this normal range. Nor is there any normal range based on age. As a man ages, total levels decline. Additionally, free testosterone testosterone not bound in the blood levels decline even more rapidly than total levels.
While most men will have normal levels throughout their lives, about one in five men above the age of 60 will have a total level that falls below the normal range. Restoring testosterone levels to within the normal range by using TRT has shown to produce the following benefits:.
It is important to understand that like any prescription-based therapy, TRT can cause side effects. Free testosterone is not bound in the blood. A very small amount of testosterone actually exists in a free state.
As mentioned above, testosterone circulates through the blood. As it circulates through the bloodstream, it can either be bound or unbound. If it is bound, it is bound to sex hormone binding globulin SHBG or albumin. Most circulating testosterone is bound to sex hormone binding globulin or albumin. A small amount is produced from steroids secreted by the adrenal cortex, the outer layer of the adrenal gland. Where is Testosterone Produced: The body controls the amount of testosterone produced through a feedback mechanism.
When levels are low, chemicals signals released by the hypothalamus and pituitary gland stimulate the testes to produce testosterone. When levels are high, testosterone, itself, acts on the hypothalamus and pituitary gland by preventing these same chemicals signals. The body controls the amount of testosterone produced through the hypothalamic-pituitary-testicular axis. Both the hypothalamus and pituitary gland are located in the brain. When levels are low, the hypothalamus releases gonadotropin releasing hormone GnRH.
Once testosterone is produced, testosterone acts on the hypothalamus and pituitary gland through a negative feedback loop. Every day, testosterone levels peak at 7 AM. Because of this variation, it is now recommended that levels are sampled in the early morning. Testosterone, Total, Bioavailable, and Free, Serum.
Hormonal replacement and sexuality in men. Nov ; 11 3: Longitudinal assessment of serum free T concentration predicts memory performance and cognitive status in elderly men. J Clin Endocrinol Metab.
Nov ; 87 Longitudinal changes in T, luteinizing hormone, and follicle-stimulating hormone in healthy older men. Apr ;46 4: Prevalence and incidence of androgen deficiency in middle-aged and older men: Dec ; 89 Exogenous testosterone T alone or with finasteride increases physical performance, grip strength, and lean body mass in older men with low serum T.
Mar ; 90 3: Oral T supplementation increases muscle and decreases fat mass in healthy elderly males with low-normal gonadal status. Jul ; 58 7: Effect of treatment on bone mineral density in men over 65 years of age. Jun ; 84 6: Related Article s Testosterone Lozenges Testosterone Lozenges Transbuccal oral absorbable forms of testosterone work by absorption through the mucous membranes of the mouth.
A lozenge containing testosterone is placed under What is Sex Hormone Binding Globulin? The following article discusses the subject of co-administering anastrozole with testosterone therapy.
As a note, The Endocrine Society currently does not recommend for or against Anastrozole Arimidex for Men on Testosterone Therapy The following article discusses the subject of co-administering anastrozole with testosterone therapy.