East GermanyFor 30 years, the Berlin Wall was the defining symbol of the Cold War, separating families and keeping the people from jobs east and west german government opportunity in the west. That night, ecstatic crowds swarmed the wall. Some crossed freely into West Berlin, while others brought hammers and picks and began east and west german government chip away at the wall itself. To this day, the Berlin Wall remains one of the most powerful and haldol 20 mg im symbols of the Cold War. The eastern part of the country went to the Soviet Unionwhile the western part went to the United States, Great Britain and eventually France. Even though Berlin was located entirely within the Soviet part of the country it sat about miles from the border between the eastern and western occupation zonesthe Yalta and Potsdam agreements split the city into similar sectors.
West Germany - Wikipedia
The swift and unexpected downfall of the German Democratic Republic was triggered by the decay of the other communist regimes in eastern Europe and the Soviet Union.
The liberalizing reforms of President Mikhail Gorbachev in the Soviet Union appalled the Honecker regime, which in desperation was by forbidding the circulation within East Germany of Soviet publications that it viewed as dangerously subversive.
By the fall, thousands of East Germans had followed this route, while thousands of others sought asylum in the West German embassies in Prague and Warsaw, demanding that they be allowed to emigrate to West Germany. Mass demonstrations in the streets of Leipzig and other East German cities defied the authorities and demanded reforms. In an effort to halt the deterioration of its position, the SED Politburo deposed Honecker in mid-October and replaced him with another hard-line communist, Egon Krenz.
Under Krenz the Politburo sought to eliminate the embarrassment occasioned by the flow of refugees to the West through Hungary, Czechoslovakia , and Poland. Unprepared, the border guards let them go. In a night of revelry tens of thousands of East Germans poured through the crossing points in the wall and celebrated their new freedom with rejoicing West Berliners.
Ever-larger demonstrations demanded a voice in government for the people, and in mid-November Krenz was replaced by a reform-minded communist , Hans Modrow, who promised free, multiparty elections.
A surging tide of refugees from East to West Germany that threatened to cripple East Germany added urgency to those negotiations. In July that tide was somewhat stemmed by a monetary union of the two Germanys that gave East Germans the hard currency of the Federal Republic. The final barrier to reunification fell in July when Kohl prevailed upon Gorbachev to drop his objections to a unified Germany within the NATO alliance in return for sizable West German financial aid to the Soviet Union.
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The reunification of Germany The swift and unexpected downfall of the German Democratic Republic was triggered by the decay of the other communist regimes in eastern Europe and the Soviet Union.
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