Jasmin lopezHousni Mkouboi better known as Rohff at times stylized as Roh2f born in AntananarivoMadagascar on 15 December is a French rapper. Born in Madagascar to a family of Comoran clenbuterol hakk?nda yorumlar, he immigrated in bol dair rohff France living in Vitry-sur-Seinein south suburbs of Paris,  his daig name Rohff French pronunciation: The same year, Rohff began to write his first solo album to be released in under the title Le Code de l'Honneur The Code of Honor. But it was the single " Qui est bol dair rohff It also became his debut on the major national radio stations in France.
ROHFF - Au-Dela de Mes Limites - korean-war.info Music
Housni Mkouboi better known as Rohff at times stylized as Roh2f born in Antananarivo , Madagascar on 15 December is a French rapper. Born in Madagascar to a family of Comoran origin, he immigrated in to France living in Vitry-sur-Seine , in south suburbs of Paris,  his stage name Rohff French pronunciation: The same year, Rohff began to write his first solo album to be released in under the title Le Code de l'Honneur The Code of Honor.
But it was the single " Qui est l'exemple? It also became his debut on the major national radio stations in France. In , he recorded "La Resurrection" as one of the soundtracks for the video game Scarface: The World is Yours. Antananarivo — Antananarivo, then temporarily French Tananarive, also known by its French colonial shorthand form Tana, is the capital and largest city of Madagascar. The larger urban area surrounding the city, known as Antananarivo-Renivohitra, is the capital of Analamanga region.
The city is located 1, m above the sea level in the center of the island, all 18 Malagasy ethnic groups, as well as residents of Chinese, Indian, European and other origins, are well represented in the city. Antananarivo is the political, economic, educational and cultural heart of Madagascar, the Presidency, National Assembly, Senate and Supreme Court are located here, as are 21 diplomatic missions and the headquarters of many national and international businesses and NGOs.
Antananarivo also hosts the largest number of universities, nightclubs, art venues, medical services, several national and local sports teams, including the championship-winning national rugby team, the Makis, and several basketball and football teams, are based in Antananarivo.
Declaring it the site of his capital, Andrianjaka built a rova that expanded to become the palaces of the Kingdom of Imerina.
The city served as the capital of the Kingdom of Imerina from its founding until and his diplomatic and military successes extended Imerina far beyond its traditional borders, bringing the lands of neighboring ethnic groups under Merina control. Antananarivo remained the capital after Madagascar was colonized by the French in This neighborhood was developed under French rule and continues to serve as the capitals economic heart. The city is managed by the Commune Urbaine dAntananarivo under the direction of its President of the Special Delegation, Ny Havana Andriamanjato, Antananarivo was originally the site of a town called Analamanga, meaning Blue Forest in the central highlands dialect of the Malagasy language.
Analamanga was established by a community of Vazimba, the islands first occupants, Andrianjaka, king of the Merina people who migrated to the region from the southeast coast, seized the location as the site of his capital city. According to oral history, he deployed a garrison of 1, soldiers to successfully capture, the hill and its city retained the name Analamanga until the reign of King Andriamasinavalona, who renamed it Antananarivo in honor of Andrianjakas soldiers.
Unlike most capital cities in southern Africa, Antananarivo was already a city before the colonial era. The city was established in around or according to varying accounts, early Merina kings used fanampoana to construct a massive system of irrigated paddy fields and dikes around the city to provide adequate rice for the growing population. These paddy fields, of which the largest is called the Betsimitatatra, successive Merina sovereigns ruled over the Kingdom of Imerina from Analamanga through King Andriamasinavalonas reign.
Andriamasinavalona designated specific territories for the hova and each andriana subcaste, numerous fady, including injunctions against the construction of wooden houses by non-nobles and the presence of swine within the city limits, were imposed.
Upon Andriamasinavalonas death in , Imerina split into four warring quadrants, during the year civil war that followed, the eastern districts capital at Ambohimanga rose in prominence. The last king of Ambohimanga, Andrianampoinimerina, successfully conquered Antananarivo in , he reunited the provinces of Imerina and he moved the kingdoms political capital back to Antananarivo in , and declared Ambohimanga the kingdoms spiritual capital, a role it still maintains.
Madagascar — Madagascar, officially the Republic of Madagascar, and previously known as the Malagasy Republic, is an island country in the Indian Ocean, off the coast of Southeast Africa.
The islands diverse ecosystems and unique wildlife are threatened by the encroachment of the growing human population. The first archaeological evidence for human foraging on Madagascar dates to BC, human settlement of Madagascar occurred between BC and AD by Austronesian peoples arriving on outrigger canoes from Borneo.
These were joined around AD by Bantu migrants crossing the Mozambique Channel from East Africa, other groups continued to settle on Madagascar over time, each one making lasting contributions to Malagasy cultural life. The Malagasy ethnic group is divided into 18 or more sub-groups of which the largest are the Merina of the central highlands.
Until the late 18th century, the island of Madagascar was ruled by an assortment of shifting sociopolitical alliances. Beginning in the early 19th century, most of the island was united and ruled as the Kingdom of Madagascar by a series of Merina nobles, the monarchy collapsed in when the island was absorbed into the French colonial empire, from which the island gained independence in The autonomous state of Madagascar has since undergone four major constitutional periods, since , the nation has officially been governed as a constitutional democracy from its capital at Antananarivo.
However, in an uprising in , president Marc Ravalomanana was made to resign. Constitutional governance was restored in January , when Hery Rajaonarimampianina was named president following a election deemed fair, Madagascar is a member of the United Nations, the Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie and the Southern African Development Community.
Madagascar belongs to the group of least developed countries, according to the United Nations, Malagasy and French are both official languages of the state. The majority of the population adheres to traditional beliefs, Christianity, ecotourism and agriculture, paired with greater investments in education, health, and private enterprise, are key elements of Madagascars development strategy.
As of , the economy has been weakened by the political crisis, in the Malagasy language, the island of Madagascar is called Madagasikara and its people are referred to as Malagasy. The islands appellation Madagascar is not of origin, but rather was popularized in the Middle Ages by Europeans. Laurences Day in , Portuguese explorer Diogo Dias landed on the island, polos name was preferred and popularized on Renaissance maps.
It is located 7. The name Vitry comes from Medieval Latin Vitriacum, and before that Victoriacum, meaning estate of Victorius, in the name of the commune officially became Vitry-sur-Seine, in order to distinguish it from other communes of France also called Vitry. Opened on 18 November , this museum offers in addition to the workshops of arts, an auditorium. Vitry is one of the cities that contributed to the development of the Hip hop movement in France, consequentially, urban art has a very important place in the city Vitry-sur-Seine is served by two stations on Paris RER line C, Vitry-sur-Seine and Les Ardoines.
In the population of the city was estimated at 82, inhabitants, the rate of unemployment is As of circa Ivry-sur-Seine and Vitry had a combined Asian population of 3, and that year about Asians from those communes worked in the 13th arrondissement of Paris, and the overall demographics of Ivry and Vitry Asians were similar to those in the 13th arrondissement.
French hip hop — French hip hop is the hip hop music style which was developed in French-speaking countries. He set many records, including being the first French hip hop recording artist to go platinum, some artists claim that the French language hip hop style was influenced by the music of French singer Renaud. Columnist David Brooks wrote that life, at least as portrayed in rap videos, now defines for the young, poor. Jody Rosen counters Brooks argument, criticizing Brooks makes use of only a few, Brooks fails to accurately assess French hip hops larger scope, and discounts its potential for rappers of amazing skill, style, and wit.
This makes up one quarter of the radios top , ten percent of music production and has sold hundreds of thousands of CDs. French hip hop, however, is criticized for imitating American hip hop style. Parts of American hip-hop culture has left a mark on the culture of French hip-hop as well in terms of fashion, clothing, music videos, jewelry, sounds and other things.
Hip-hop culture was imported from America, especially with the influence of New York rappers, the group went their separate ways in At the same time, new artists like Sinik and Diams began to see significant success, as well, bringing a new sound, themes in French hip hop include opposition to the social order, humor and puns, as well as ethnic and cultural identity. Whereas early French hip hop was seen as mimicking American hip hop in terms of appeal, later French rappers added their own cultural.
The different social climates in the make the two subgenres distinct from one another. Lyrics from the south tend to be socially conscious, with content mainly focusing on the fight against discrimination. Rapping — The components of rapping include content, flow, and delivery. Rap differs from spoken-word poetry in that rap is performed in time to a beat.
Rapping is often associated with and an ingredient of hip-hop music. Rapping is also used in Kwaito music, a genre originated in Johannesburg, South Africa. Another form of rap that predates hip hop was boxer Muhammad Alis rhythmic poetry used to taunt his opponents in the s and s, rapping can be delivered over a beat, typically provided by a DJ, turntablist or Beatboxer, or without accompaniment.
Stylistically, rap occupies an area between speech, prose, poetry, and singing. The word, as used to describe quick speech or repartee, the word had been used in British English since the 16th century. It was part of the African American dialect of English in the s meaning to converse, today, the terms rap and rapping are so closely associated with hip-hop music that many writers use the terms interchangeably. The English verb rap has various meanings, such as to strike, especially with a quick, smart, or light blow, as well to utter sharply or vigorously, to rap out a command.
The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary gives a date of for the first recorded use of the word with the meaning to utter sharply, vigorously and it is these meanings from which the musical form of rapping derives, and this definition may be from a shortening of repartee. A rapper refers to a performer who raps, by the late s, when Hubert G. Brown changed his name to H.
Del the Funky Homosapien similarly states that rap was used to refer to talking in a manner in the early s.
Back then what rapping meant, basically, was you trying to convey something—youre trying to convince somebody, thats what rapping is, its in the way you talk.
Rapping can be traced back to its African roots, centuries before hip-hop music existed, the griots of West Africa were delivering stories rhythmically, over drums and sparse instrumentation. Such connections have been acknowledged by modern artists, modern day griots, spoken word artists, mainstream news sources. A notable recorded example of rapping in blues music was the song Gotta Let You Go by Joe Hill Louis, not just jazz music and lyrics but also jazz poetry.
Fashion design — Fashion design is the art of application of design and aesthetics or natural beauty to clothing and accessories. Fashion design is influenced by cultural and social attitudes, and has varied over time, Fashion designers work in a number of ways in designing clothing and accessories such as bracelets and necklace.
Because of the required to bring a garment onto the market. Fashion designers attempt to design clothes which are functional as well as aesthetically pleasing and they consider who is likely to wear a garment and the situations in which it will be worn. They have a range and combinations of materials to work with.
Though most clothing worn for everyday wear falls within a range of conventional styles. Some clothes are made specifically for an individual, as in the case of haute couture or bespoke tailoring, today, most clothing is designed for the mass market, especially casual and every-day wear are called ready to wear. Fashion designers may work full-time for one house, as in-house designers.
They may work alone or as part of a team, freelance designers work for themselves, selling their designs to fashion houses, directly to shops, or to clothing manufacturers. The garments bear the buyers label, some fashion designers set up their own labels, under which their designs are marketed. Some fashion designers are self-employed and design for individual clients, other high-end fashion designers cater to specialty stores or high-end fashion department stores.
These designers create original garments, as well as those that follow established fashion trends, most fashion designers, however, work for apparel manufacturers, creating designs of mens, womens, and childrens fashions for the mass market.
Fashion designers work in different ways, some sketch their ideas on paper, while others drape fabric on a dress form. Finally, a garment is made up and tested on a model to make sure it is an operational outfit. Fashion design is considered to have started in the 19th century with Charles Frederick Worth who was the first designer to have his label sewn into the garments that he created.
Before the former draper set up his maison couture in Paris, clothing design and creation was handled by largely anonymous seamstresses, worths success was such that he was able to dictate to his customers what they should wear, instead of following their lead as earlier dressmakers had done.
The term couturier was in fact first created in order to describe him, while all articles of clothing from any time period are studied by academics as costume design, only clothing created after is considered as fashion design. It was during this period that many design houses began to hire artists to sketch or paint designs for garments, the images were shown to clients, which was much cheaper than producing an actual sample garment in the workroom. Muay Thai — Muay Thai is a combat sport of Thailand that uses stand-up striking along with various clinching techniques.
Muay Thai became widespread internationally in the century, when practitioners defeated notable practitioners of other martial arts. The professional league is governed by The Professional Boxing Association of Thailand sanctioned by The Sport Authority of Thailand, the history of Muay Thai can also be traced to the middle of the 16th century. During the battles between the Burmese of the Konbaung Dynasty and Siam, the famous fighter Nai Khanomtom was captured in the year , the Burmese knew of his expertise in hand-to-hand combat and gave him an opportunity to fight for his freedom.
Soon after winning the match, he was freed by his captors and he was acknowledged as a hero, and his fighting style became known as Siamese-Style boxing, later to be known as Muay Thai. This fighting style was soon to be recognized as a national sport, Muay boran, and therefore Muay Thai, was originally called by more generic names such as Toi muay or simply muay.